Costa Rica extends from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea, and its distance is barely 200 miles. Its land portion occupies 51.100 square Km (20.000 square miles). Although the country is small and it covers only 0.03% of the earth’s surface, Costa Rica shelters 5% of the existing biodiversity in the entire world. 27% of the country land is destined to conservation. Encompassing four birdwatching and wildlife ecozones and numerous micro ecosystems, wildlife is virtually on display in their natural habitat. Costa Rica is home to more than 900 species of birds, 12.000 plants, over 400 species of amphibians & reptiles and 230 species of mammals. Costa Rica is a must place for birdwatching and nature lovers.
The geography of Costa Rica is dominated by two coasts and a central mountains system covering over a half of the land, affecting directly the climate and biodiversity. By this reason Costa Rica is divided in 4 biodiversity areas with different climate, ecosystems (rainforest, cloudforest, mangrove, pre montane forest, dry forest and more), and unique flora and fauna:
. The Caribbean Lowlands
. The Highlands
. The Central & Southern Pacific Lowlands
. The Dry Northwest Lowlands