Endemic birds of Costa Rica

Costa Rica, home of 10% of the species of birds of the world has 6 unique endemic species to his political limits, 3 in mainland and 3 in the Cocos Island, however the list gets bigger when adding the endemic species the country share with Panama or Nicaragua.

This is the list of the Endemic bird to Costa Rica. How many of them have you seen?

Mainland Endemics | Only in Costa Rica
Mangrove Hummingbird Amazilia boucardi
Coppery-headed Emerald Elvira cupreiceps
Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager Habia atrimaxillaris
Coco’s Island Endemics
Cocos Cuckoo Coccyzus ferrugineus
Cocos Flycatcher Nesotriccus ridgwayi
Cocos Finch Pinaroloxias inornata
Highlands Endemics  | Costa Rica & Western Panama 
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor
Black-breasted Wood-Quail Odontophorus leucolaemus
Chiriqui Quail-Dove Geotrygon chiriquensis
Buff-fronted Quail-Dove Geotrygon costaricensis
Sulfur-winged Parakeet Pyrrhura hoffmanni
Red-fronted Parrotlet Touit costaricensis
Bare-shanked Screech-Owl*** Megascops clarkii
Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium costaricanum
Dusky Nightjar Caprimulgus saturatus
Fiery-throated Hummingbird Panterpe insignis
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris
White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura
Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus
White-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis castaneoventris
Magenta-throated Woodstar Calliphlox bryantae
Volcano Hummingbird Selasphorus flammula
Scintillant Hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla
Orange-bellied Trogon Trogon aurantiiventris
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii
Ruddy Treerunner Margarornis rubiginosus
Streak-breasted Treehunter Thripadectes rufobrunneus
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris
Ochraceous Pewee Contopus ochraceus
Black-capped Flycatcher Empidonax atriceps
Golden-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes hemichrysus
Yellow-winged Vireo Vireo carmioli
Silvery-throated Jay Cyanolyca argentigula
Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus
Timberline Wren Thryorchilus browni
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops
Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus gracilirostris
Sooty Thrush Turdus nigrescens
Black-and-yellow Silky-Flycatcher Phainoptila melanoxantha
Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher Ptilogonys caudatus
Flame-throated Warbler Parula gutturalis
Collared Redstart Myioborus torquatus
Black-cheeked Warbler Basileuterus melanogenys
Wrenthrush (Zeledonia) Zeledonia coronata
Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus pileatus
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii
Peg-billed Finch Acanthidops bairdii
Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea
Sooty-faced Finch Lysurus crassirostris
Yellow-thighed Finch Pselliophorus tibialis
Large-footed Finch Pezopetes capitalis
Volcano Junco Junco vulcani
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys
Pacific Lowlands Endemics | Souther Pacific Lowlands of Costa Rica & Western of Panama
Costa Rican Swift*** Chaetura fumosa
White-crested Coquette Lophornis adorabilis
Garden Emerald* Chlorostilbon assimilis
Charming Hummingbird Amazilia decora
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia edward
Baird’s Trogon Trogon bairdii
Fiery-billed Aracari Pteroglossus frantzii
Golden-naped Woodpecker Melanerpes chrysauchen
Black-hooded Antshrike Thamnophilus bridgesi
Turquoise Cotinga Cotinga ridgwayi
Yellow-billed Cotinga Carpodectes antoniae
Orange-collared Manakin Manacus aurantiacus
Black-bellied Wren*** Thryothorus fasciatoventris
Riverside Wren Thryothorus semibadius
Cherrie’s Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis
Spot-crowned Euphonia Euphonia imitans
Caribbean Slope Endemics | Ranges vary from Honduras to Panama
Black-eared Wood-Quail Odontophorus melanotis
Crimson-fronted Parakeet** Aratinga finschi
Snowcap Microchera albocoronata
White-bellied Mountain-gem Lampornis hemileucus
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus
Yellow-eared Toucanet*** Selenidera spectabilis
Rufous-winged Woodpecker** Piculus simplex
Streak-crowned Antvireo Dysithamnus striaticeps
Thicket Antpitta*** Hylopezus dives
Black-crowned Antpitta*** Pittasoma michleri
Tawny-chested Flycatcher Aphanotriccus capitalis
Snowy Cotinga Carpodectes nitidus
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis
Black-throated Wren Thryothorus atrogularis
Stripe-breasted Wren Thryothorus thoracicus
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas
White-throated Shrike-Tanager** Lanio leucothorax
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei
Plain-colored Tanager Tangara inornata
Nicaraguan Seed-Finch Oryzoborus nuttingi
Nicaraguan Grackle Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Yellow-crowned Euphonia** Euphonia luteicapilla
Tawny-capped Euphonia*** Euphonia anneae

*also present on Caribbean slope

**also present on Southern Pacific slope

***range extends to northwestern Colombia

I addition the Hoffmann’s Woodpecker (Melanerpes hoffmannii) is the only dry forest species endemic to the region, ranging from southern Honduras to central Costa Rica and currently expanding its range South .

The Three-wattled Bellbird (Procnias tricarunculatus) breeds in the highlands and wanders throughout the lowlands after the breeding season—a bird radio-tagged in Monteverde, Costa Rica was even located in eastern Honduras!—and so does not easily fit in any one of the above geographical divisions.


Full list of the birds of Costa Rica